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Buganda Trust
About Us
The mission of Buganda Trust is to educate and promote knowledge about Baganda history and cultural institutions by funding and advancing the following:
  1. Artistic and literary works and training;
  2. Production of print, audio, film and video artifacts on Buganda and Baganda life, culture and achievements;
  3. Meetings and other forums to promote social, cultural and economic linkages among Baganda and with other communities in North America and the rest of the world.
  4. Acquisition and protection of ancient and contemporary artifacts of historical and cultural value, for the benefit of Baganda and the general public.

Buganda Kingdom

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Buganda is the Kingdom nation of the Baganda people, physically located in present-day Uganda, East Africa. The 6 million Baganda (singular Muganda) make up the largest ethnic group in Uganda (2007). Over 500,000 members of the Baganda community are estimated to live in Diaspora, with the biggest concentrations in United Kingdom, North America, European Union, Kenya, Tanzania and Southern Africa. Buganda's boundaries are marked by Lake Victoria to the south, the Victoria Nile to the east, Lake Kyoga to the north and the kingdoms of Bunyoro, Tooro and Ankole to the west.

Baganda Culture and Society

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The most important pillars of Baganda culture and society are:
  1. Baganda ancestry based clans (ebika bya Baganda);
  2. Kabaka (King and custodian of the Buganda's cultural norms) and the royal family (Abalangira);
  3. Baganda customs and cultural norms (obuwangwa n'obulombolombo);
  4. Obutaka (the native lands and environment where Baganda's cultural sites are located); and
  5. Luganda, the native language of the Baganda.

Baganda Ancestry

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There are fifty six (56) official Baganda clans or ebika (singular, ekika) whose Luganda names are: Babiito-Kibulala, Babiito-Kiziba, Babiito-Kkooki,Balangira, Butiko,Ffumbe, Kasanke, Kasimba, Kayozi, Kibe, Kibuba, Kinyomo, Kiwere, Kkobe, Lugave, Lukato, Mazzi g'Ekisasi, Mbogo, Mbuzi, Mbwa, Mmamba, Mmamba Kakoboza, Mpeewo, Mpindi, Mpologoma, Musu, Mutima, Mutima Omusagi, Ndiga Ndiisa, Ng'aali, Ngabi, Ngabi Ennyunga, Ngeye, Ngo, Ngonge, Njaza, Njobe, Njovu, Nkebuka, Nkejje, Nkerebwe, Nkima, Nkula, Nkusu, Nnamung'oona, Nnyonyi Nakinsige, Nnyonyi Nnyange, Nseenene, Nsuma, Nsunu, Nswaswa, Ntalaganya, Nte, Nvubu, Nvuma.
Most of the clans draw their names from animals, animal organs and plants.

A person is a Muganda if he or she belongs to one of the Baganda clans (or Buganda clans). To belong to a clan your father must be a Muganda. Every Muganda takes on his or her father's clan. A clan consists of hierarchy of sub clans (ssiga, mutuba, lunyiriri and lugya.) The heads of the clan and sub clans are called abataka (singular, omutaka).


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Kabaka is "the king equivalent" of the Baganda nation and Baganda look to him for cultural and spiritual guidance. Technically, all Baganda cultural practices and norms are supposed to be approved or initiated by the Kabaka. Only one person may be referred to as Kabaka at any one time - once a Kabaka is deceased, he is referred to as a Ssekabaka.

Kabaka is the unprejudiced leader of all Baganda clans and their heads (abataka bajjajja). The office of the Kabaka is not hereditary but only a prince of Buganda (mulangira) can become Kabaka, the highest priority being given to the sons of the passing Kabaka. Kabaka, in his official role, does not belong to a clan, the way the other Baganda do.

Baganda Customs and Cultural Norms

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Baganda culture is defined by numerous customary practices and societal and interpersonal norms. the aspects of Baganda lives which are governed by these practices and norms include:
  1. Birth - roles of relatives and clan in children raring and initiation (e.g. okutuuma, okwaalula, etc.)
  2. Family life - courting, weddings, sex (e.g. okwogereza, okwanjula, embaga, etc.)
  3. Health - traditional medicineal practices (e.g. mmumbwa, kyogero, etc.)
  4. Religion - native and contemporary Baganda worship (Katonda, Lubaale, kusamira, Kiganda Christian and Islamic practices, etc.)
  5. Arts and Leisure - centuries old music, poetry, and theatre industry (e.g. Nankasa, Bakisimba, ngero,bitontome, katemba, etc.)
  6. Relationship with Kabaka - because Kabaka's word is supposed to be final, he ordinarily deals with his subjects through a Katikkiro, a commoner, who can be challenged by Baganda if they are unhappy with kingdom policies or performance.

Obutaka (Native lands and environment)

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Baganda native lands stretch across the entire 19,000 square miles of Buganda, divided into 18 administrative counties called masaza. The 18 masaza are: Buddu, Bugerere, Bulemezi, Buruli, Busiro, Busujju, Butambala, Buvuma, Buweekula, Ggomba, Kabula, Kkooki, Kyadondo, Kyaggwe, Mawogola, Mawokota, Ssese and Ssingo.

The counties are further subdivided into sub-counties called magombolola. The most sacred cultural sites that constitute obutaka are burial grounds for past kabaka's (amasiro) and for ordinary Baganda families (ebijja). It is not unusual to find family cemetries across Buganda with ancestor remains which are hundreds of years old.

Luganda Language

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Luganda is the native language of Baganda and the absis for all native oral and written interaction among Baganda. The language is also spoken by 6 million Baganda plus an estimated 4 million non-Baganda in Uganda, Rwanda, Tanzania, North America, Europe and other countries.

Board of Trustees

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Buganda Trust is governed by a board of 9 distinguished men and women trustees (the Board), reflecting the diversity of Buganda. The Board sets policies relating to expenditure, management, governance, investment, grant making and programs of focus. They also oversee the auditors, appoint an Executine Director, represent the Trust before the public, and review the performance and set the compensation for all the officers. All members of the Board other than the Executive Director are independent under the Board- approved definition of "independence."

Buganda Trust Governance

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The instruments of Buganda Trust governance include the following documents:
  1. Charter/Articles of Incorporation
    Describes the purposes for which the Trust was organized.
  2. Bylaws
    Includes rules governing the Trust’s operations relating to the Board of Trustees, Board committees, officers and related matters.
  3. Committee Charters and Membership
    Details the mission statement, organization, and roles and responsibilities for each Board committee - Audit, Investment, Governance, Membership and Program Committees.
  4. Standards of Independence
    Sets forth the definition of “independence” adopted by the Board. Under the bylaws, a majority of the Trustees must be independent.
  5. Trustee Code of Ethics
    Includes procedures for avoiding actual or apparent conflicts of interest by members of the Board of Trustees.
  6. Staff Code of Conduct and Ethics
    Includes procedures for avoiding actual or appearance of conflicts of interest by Trust staff members, including officers of and consultants to the Trust.
  7. Procedures for Approving Grants
    Describes the process adopted for reviewing and approving proposed grants in general.
  8. Procedures for Approving Trustee Affiliated Grants
    Describes the process for reviewing proposed grants to applicants with which one or more Trustees is affiliated as an officer, director, employee, investor or relative.
  9. Procedures for Seeking Funding
    Sets forth the process adopted by the Audit Committee of the Board for creating and reviewing proposed grant applications by the Trust.
  10. Stakeholders and Relationships to Buganda Institutions
    Describes how Buganda Trust relates to Buganda Institutions.
  11. Reporting Standards
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